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Mosquitoes are often a nuisance, but they can also be a health hazard. In this blog post, we will discuss the types of mosquitoes that are found in Queensland and what you need to do to protect yourself from them. We will also provide some tips on how to get rid of mosquitoes if they become a problem.

Types of mosquitoes in Queensland:

  1. Culex mosquitoes are the most common type of mosquito in Queensland and they are known to transmit diseases such as Ross River virus and Barmah Forest virus. 
  2. Aedes mosquitoes are less common, but they can transmit diseases such as dengue fever and Zika virus. 
  3. Anopheles mosquitoes are the least common type of mosquito in Queensland, but they can transmit diseases such as malaria.

How to protect yourself from mosquitoes:

  • Wear loose fitting, light coloured clothing that covers your arms and legs.
  • Use insect repellent on your skin and clothing. 
  • Remove breeding sites by emptying out any containers of water that are sitting around. 
  • Avoid being outdoors during dawn and dusk when mosquitoes are most active
  • Finally, you can install mosquito screens on doors and windows to keep them out of your home or workplace.
  • If you are staying in an area where there is a high risk of mosquito-borne disease, you should also sleep under a mosquito net.

How to treat mosquito bites:

  • Apply a cold compress to the bite.
  • Take an antihistamine if you’re feeling itchy.
  • Put calamine lotion on the bite. 
  • Use hydrocortisone cream if the itching is severe.

When to seek medical attention:

If you develop a fever, rash, or joint pain within two weeks of being bitten by a mosquito, this may be a sign of an allergic reaction or virus. Also, if the bite becomes red, swollen, or starts to ooze pus, it is important to seek medical attention. Always speak to a doctor if you have any other concerns about the bite or your health.

Signs you may have contracted a virus from a mosquito bite:

Ross River virus:

  • Fever
  • Rash
  • Muscle and joint pain
  • Fatigue
  • Headaches. 
  • Symptoms usually appear within three to five days of being bitten by an infected mosquito and can last for several weeks.

Barmah Forest virus:

  • Fever
  • Rash
  • Muscle and joint pain
  • Fatigue
  • Headaches. 
  • Swelling of the lymph nodes, joints and eyes. 
  • Symptoms usually appear within seven to ten days of being bitten by an infected mosquito and can last for several weeks.

Dengue fever:

  • Fever
  • Rash
  • Muscle and joint pain
  • Fatigue
  • Headaches. 
  • Nausea and vomiting. 
  • Dengue fever can be severe, particularly in young children and pregnant women, and can sometimes lead to death.
  • Symptoms usually appear within three to seven days of being bitten by an infected mosquito.

Zika virus:

  • Fever
  • Rash
  • Muscle and joint pain
  • Red eyes. 
  • Symptoms usually appear within three to seven days of being bitten by an infected mosquito. Zika virus can cause severe birth defects if a pregnant woman is infected.

Malaria:

  • Fever
  • Chills
  • Sweats
  • Headaches
  • Muscle and joint pain. 
  • Malaria can be severe and sometimes leads to death.
  • Symptoms usually appear within seven to fourteen days of being bitten by an infected mosquito.

It’s important to remember that not all mosquito bites will transmit disease. However, it’s still important to take steps to protect yourself from mosquito-borne illnesses.

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